The pedometer controls the wearer's daily physical activity and is very popular in the gym. For our leader board, our team has checked a wide variety of Internet tests and was therefore able to give ratings on displays, data, syncs and other gadgets.
What is a pedometer?
A pacemaker is understood to be an electronic and mechanical device that counts the steps that the user makes. Mostly, the pedometer is attached to the waistband or belt to ensure better accuracy. Another word for the pedometer is the pedometer.
Basically, the pedometer measures by the principle of inertia and can thus measure the distance and speed when walking or running . This is done by every vibration and by entering the respective step length.
The somewhat more expensive devices can indeed be set to the centimeter, the stride length varies, however, so that slight deviations occur. Especially when climbing or even on a slope, the step is shortened enormously. Here a high-quality device re- adjusts the movement by means of a software and enables a reliable distance measurement . Many electronic models work with the help of an electronic pulse generator and a 3D sensor.
Pedometer mainly serves to improve one's health and fitness through motivation to exercise more. The new sporting challenge requires no selection of new sports, but allows that a specific daily goal of steps taken is observed and readable by the device. Some pedometer read in addition to the total number of steps also separately registered sections. People are encouraged to improve their own performance, which the pedometer documents accordingly.
How does a pedometer work?
With a pedometer all steps are counted, displayed and saved. The step count is as electronic and mechanical measurement. The simple device can be attached to the belt or trousers to allow a count.
However, this may differ or become inaccurate if the device is not worn correctly. It must be remembered that every shock is detected by the pedometer and therefore the unintentional movement can also be interpreted as a step. Depending on the quality of the device, the systematic variations in the count are more or less present.
In contrast, there are also pedometer, which is a net time of steps , that is, the distance covered by the determination of the average stride length. This avoids that the counter even when standing or sitting movements as steps taken.
Electric pedometers have a 2D or 3D technology with a sensor that allows the device to be worn in the pocket, backpack or with a strap around the neck, without displaying large deviations.
Additional functions in addition to the simple measurement of the steps are often also a calculation of calorie consumption during walking or running time. For this purpose, the body weight must be specified in the pedometer.
Advantages and applications of pedometers
A pedometer is not the only way to see how many meters and steps were covered, such. For example, when hiking or in the outdoor area, but is increasingly recommended in terms of health aspect. He can not only measure his own movement behavior , but also change and increase.
More and more people lose the need for exercise. Posture and daily exercise are often limited by modern development and the various work areas.
There is a lot of sitting and the muscles are hardly used. This in turn leads to a destabilization of the pelvis, the spine loses its elasticity and the intervertebral discs are no longer sufficiently supplied with nutrients, thus losing substance. In the absence of movement then it comes to a curvature of the spine , to tension , herniated discs , headaches and similar symptoms.
Also, inadequate exercise can cause the body to not sufficiently dissipate or retard toxins . Body cells need oxygen, as do the muscle groups that need the stimulus to maintain. The metabolism must be stimulated again and again by movement, so that the organism can work healthy.
In a study, it was repeatedly proven that counting one's own steps with a pedometer stimulates people to move more and more extensively . This can reduce various risks , including cardiac or circulatory problems, as it stimulates blood circulation and fat burning, removes toxins and toxins from the body, and significantly improves nutrient delivery and processing.
Meanwhile, many devices in addition to the activation sensor also have an integrated acceleration sensor . This allows measurement of movement and acceleration at the location of the body to which the pedometer is attached. So it can also be worn on the leg or arm.
Such devices can distinguish between high, medium and light motion, with different walking or walking speeds and active motion without the steps. Also, a higher or lower activity zone may be set that divides the intensity of the movement in number of steps , distance traveled, energy consumption and even height measurement. Size, weight and age, stride length and step size are pre-set to further enhance the evaluation.
What types of pedometer are there?
Most electric pedometers not only measure the steps themselves, but can also determine the distance, fat burning and calorie burn based on the movement. There are also the original, mechanical devices. Both device variants work on the same principle. Inside is a mechanism that detects the movement as a step when shaken.
Mechanical models count the steps through an existing pendulum mechanism in the device. Inside the pedometer is, comparable to a mechanical clock, a toothed gear having a different gear ratio, which keeps the pointer in motion. This can be done by a metal ball, a mercury bubble or by an integrated slider for step length adjustment.
At each step, the pendulum motion pushes on the gear that lets the counter advance through another gear or through a lever link. The display of the mechanical devices is similar to a clock. There is a pointer that rotates within marks on the edge in a circle, as soon as the movement takes place. When the rotation is complete, the pointer returns to zero.
The advantage of mechanical pedometer is the simplicity of the application, the precision mechanics and the operation without battery consumption. The disadvantage remains the inaccuracy, and that the user of the pedometer has to remember the turns themselves.
If a metal ball or a mercury bubble is present, the steps are counted by a tilting movement and the walking motion is thus registered. At each step, the ball moves from side to side. However, this also entails inaccuracies or deviations, since the movement takes place mechanically, the devices are very sensitive in their mechanisms and thus the change in the ball position is always interpreted as a step. Here, then, with a deviation of about 10 percent is quite likely, which, however, can be included by the user to make the result again more accurate.
The electronic pedometer is a bit more accurate, because it works digitally and usually also has additional functions. In most modern devices, the mechanical connections are replaced with electronic components. The methods for recognizing and counting the steps are different. Some have a spring closing the circuit, others a reed switch. Also, the acceleration can be measured, or different counting methods in the device can take place as a combination of several actions. The device registers the movement and the information is forwarded. Instead of a gear, a switch is used.
For this purpose, the step length is specified, which is always individual and then allows the device to correctly measure the steps. Before the device is used, you can walk a fixed distance of about 500 meters and count the steps yourself. Thereafter, the distance is divided by the number of steps to obtain a relatively accurate average of the step and the stride length.
The electronic devices work via a sensor, which also holds movements in different directions, ie forward, to the right or left. The counted number of steps is then calculated and recorded by the device with the distance traveled and the calories consumed. These models always require power, either from a battery or from batteries.
On some devices, the data can then be transferred via Bluetooth to a computer or smartphone to be accurately evaluated or shared with friends, others have a display on which the steps and other information appear as LCD numbers. Most of the time there is a stopwatch, the conversion option in calories and fat burning, a heart rate monitor, an alarm function or even a radio, so that the device can be used in many ways, if it has to be taken additionally.
Some devices have a sensor via a radar pulse technology. A radar beam is sent to the ground from the pedometer and the reflection of the beam can then measure the exact distance and speed. Such devices are then available for other types of movement, such. B. inline skating, cycling or skiing.
What do I have to pay attention to when buying a pedometer?
First of all, the choice of which pedometer is best suited for one's own purpose depends on what exactly is being sought, whether the device should be helpful in losing weight, simply measuring distances or becoming a motivation for more exercise.
Many athletes and hikers use the pedometer to keep track of distance and performance, but even without exercising, a pedometer can be useful and control one's own movement.
People who sit a lot because of work or household often have trouble estimating how little steps they actually take. The result is faster weight gain and physical inertia.
But as an athlete or while hiking, the walking time itself is interesting in addition to the walking distance and step count . Modern pedometer also records the break in between or the actual stoppage in addition to this information.
The functions of the devices differ in number and also in what is to be measured. Besides simply counting the steps, most modern models can also measure the distance and calories burned. The input of weight and stride length then allows a very accurate calculation.
In addition, the body fat can be additionally determined again. Under the body fat, the ratio of accumulated fat to the total mass of the body is understood. If too much body fat is present, cardiovascular diseases can develop, but too little fat is not conducive to health. A healthy mediocrity is the prerequisite for feeling fit. The standard values for the necessary body fat depend on the physique, age and sex. The pedometer makes an effective check possible.
The size of the pedometer also plays a role in the purchase decision. If you are traveling a lot and would like to count the steps every day at best, you should use a rather small and comfortable device that can be carried throughout the day and hardly noticeable during use.
Also, a display makes sense, from which the information is easy to read. Many are illuminated, so even darkness is not an obstacle to counting the steps. An additional reset button allows you to reset all data, but should be configured so that it can not be accidentally pressed when motion is in progress.
Meanwhile, both pedometer and so-called "Activity Tracker" are distinguished; the latter to the steps also determine additional data, including the sleep habits, the pulse rate or the number of increased stairs. Most devices allow you to synchronize with your own smartphone, whereby the data is then not evaluated via the computer, but via a dedicated app, which must be additionally downloaded.
An important additional function is the storage of the daily data, which then, depending on the device setting, the data of the last 7 to 30 days holds. In order to understand their own performance over a longer period of time, including increasing the number of steps, the data must be transferred from the device to a computer so that they are not lost.
Another feature is the "workout mode" . This is especially useful for people who exercise daily or regularly, walk a lot or jog. The "workout mode" allows you to differentiate between the form of movement and speed.
Both the stride length and the calorie consumption changes with the progress of the movement and are then evaluated and recorded separately from the device. Thus, the normal steps in daily walking can be distinguished from the number of people doing jogging. Also, then the average speed can be determined.
Since the pedometer is frequently used during sporting activity, many devices include a stopwatch, an alarm and a timer. Also goals can be compared. The comparisons are defined in a target and actual state .
Pedometer in smartwatches / fitness watches and running watches
A pedometer rarely comes alone. As our pedometer test shows, it has become almost hard to find a model that can only count steps. Even simple pedometers, such as the Ultrasport 3D pedometer , which consists only of a clip for the running shoe or trouser pocket, can at least additionally count calories.
Most pedometer are integrated into so-called wearables, which can do much more. There are
like the Fitbit Alta HR , Lets Fit Fitness Tracker or Willful Fitness Bracelet
Fitness bracelets usually have at least one calorie counter in addition to a pedometer. Many models use the steps to calculate the distance covered. This is most accurate if the step length is measured and entered manually. Even more accurate are fitness watches with GPS.
Like Polar M430, Fitbit Blaz or Garmin Forerunner 35
Running watches cost significantly more than simple pedometer and fitness bracelets. But they also provide a detailed evaluation of the running training. With GPS, you can view the track you've run, track your workout goals, and measure your heart rate. (Optionally with the chest strap).
such as the Apple Watch Series 4 , Huawei Wa tch 2 or Garmin vivoactive 3 GPS
Smartwatches are certainly the most expensive type of pedometer. You can also do a lot more than just count steps, you can analyze a wide variety of sports and you can track training goals via various apps. In addition, you can also call with a smartwatch.
Brief information on leading manufacturers of pedometer:
A wide range of pedometers are available from manufacturers and brands such as Oregon Scientific , Vaude, Mediasana , Nakosite , Eschenbach , Daffodil , Omron , Breuer , Silva and Fitbit ".
Internet vs. Retailers: Where is the purchase of a pedometer more likely?
The choice of pedometer is huge and ranges from mechanical and electronic devices to very elaborate models with many additional functions. An overview is better on the Internet than in retailers, as dealers specify the details in detail and specifically introduce the devices for their respective use and use and, where appropriate, explain the individual functions in more detail. The prices are lower when ordering online, as staff costs and rents are eliminated at most shops and retailers.
Worth knowing & advice
The story of the pedometer
As modern as the pedometer as movement motivation and in the field of health prevention and sporting activity also works, so old is its use and invention. The first pedometer was actually designed by the universal genius Leonardo da Vinci . He dealt with countless inventions and designs and also made a sketch, which showed a device whose task was to count the steps of a human being.
Already for the ancient Greeks and Romans the concept was important to be able to grasp the distance of the own locomotion. For this purpose, the hodometer was used, the z. B. should inform troops about what actual distance was covered and with what effort the next battle could be reached faster.
The hodometer was an important addition to the field, but really measured only the actual distance, not the steps themselves.
It was invented already in antiquity. Under the reign of Alexander the Great could be made accurate distance information with very small deviations. For this purpose, according to the descriptions, an apparatus was used, which worked like today's mechanical odometer and transferred the rapid movement of a measuring wheel on slowing gears or discs. Thus, the precisely calculated and straight Roman roads and miles between the places were created.
Even in China, a rangefinder was invented. The device that the inventor Zhang Heng assembled during the Han Dynasty was called " Li-recording drum car ". In this case, a wooden figure turned around its own axis, while the car was moved and thus a Li, so exactly 500 meters covered. It struck a drum. After ten Li, a bell was set in motion by another wooden figure.
The actual and first pedometer was then invented by a watchmaker from Switzerland. In 1780, Abraham-Louis Perrelet designed a device that could count up to ten thousand steps for the first time. This consisted of a rectangular case, had a lid, under which four dials were.
Another development of the pedometer, which was then also intended for general use, took place only in 1930, so that whole 150 years later, instead. The device became popular again at that time in America, where it was launched as a "hike-o-meter" . Another 35 years later, the "Manpo-kei" became popular in Japan, indicating the number of steps in an amount of up to 10,000 steps. From then on, more and more people used pedometer, especially hikers and athletes.
Other forms of this technical expression are the taximeter and the cyclometer . The latter determines the wheel revolutions of the bicycle. Exercising as a fountain of youth and promoting good health
In fact, the movement is a panacea for the human organism and acts like a high-dose medicine. Not only are the daily exercise preventing cardiovascular disease , reducing fat and strengthening the immune system, but also emptying the head, reducing mood swings, stress, anxiety, depression or fatigue.
This is z. B. by increasing the messenger BDNF in the blood possible, which is often absent or reduced in depressed people. This messenger substance is needed so that the brain can build and grow nerve cells, then re-network them with others and enable the transport of the impulses .
Thus leading sports even cause the up improves memory , because the brain changes during movement, more precisely the motor cortex, that is the control center for coordination and movement is activated, while the prefrontal cortex, which allows planning and logical thinking to shut down, ,
This causes more concentration and attention, works like a reset button that puts everything back on top and revives. In short, it means that the head is free and therefore thinking is easier.
In addition, the mood is also lightened because the hormone balance is influenced, e.g as dopamine is degraded more slowly and the level of dopamine decreases less. As a result, concentration, attention and general mental abilities are less.
In addition, physical exertion basically triggers various psychological processes in the body. The heart begins to pump faster, the temperature rises, messengers are sent out and flow from the brain to the muscles and limbs. In the brain itself, there is a constant build-up and break down of the nerve cells. Diseased tissue is replaced by cell renewal, the genetic material permanently renewed and repaired.
The organism is occupied with a constant cell growth and structure, in addition, the pollutants and toxins are transported and excreted . These processes are stimulated by movement once again and then work all the more smoothly.
But of course, the muscles will be strengthened and improved once again. Lots of exercise helps against tension , prevents z. Headache as well as backache. The movement has an influence on the bone marrow, the formation of which is constantly stimulated by physical activity, forming new tissue and thus preventing the breaking of bones or the breakdown of muscle mass.
For every force that acts on and is generated by the muscle is transmitted to the bone and the layers between the bones. The development process at these sites must be constantly re-stimulated, so by movement also prevents osteoporosis , one of the typical diseases of the elderly.
Basically, cardiovascular problems, diabetes mellitus or a constant high blood pressure are diseases of affluence that are only associated with the lack of exercise. If you move against it, you will protect yourself from strokes or heart attacks, as the arteries are kept healthy, the cholesterol level remains balanced and harmful fats in the blood are broken down more quickly. So the blood pressure is lowered.
Not much movement is necessary. A half an hour a day is enough to set the effective mechanisms in the body in motion and maintain their own health and stabilize.
A pedometer can help you feel motivated every day and overcome the inner bastard that makes the body feel comfortable in its own inertia. No matter how hectic working life or general everyday life may be, some exercise afterwards does not hurt, it does not add any additional burden, but on the contrary it creates balance, relaxation and peace.
Frequently asked questions about pedometer
What is the stride length?
If the number of steps is multiplied by the stride length, the distance covered of the run distance can be calculated. This estimate becomes more accurate when the stride length is set individually.
Before a pedometer can be used, it must first be entered. Even over tables, the accuracy is not given, which determines the step length with averages, such. B. at a size of 1.70 meters indicates a step length of 63 centimeters. It is better, therefore, to find out and enter your own stride length, because each person also runs at different speeds, which in turn brings a different length of the step with it. Also, the stride length depends on whether comfortable or fast running, whether it is a walk or jogging, whether the road rises or not.
A pedometer usually converts the number of steps into the track that has been taken, assuming an average stride length. Therefore, it makes sense to know your own stride length and enter individually. Measured and self-calculated, the stride length is based on a very accurately measured route. Such are to be found on sports fields, where the tracks are marked after the existing meters. On the basis of this route also the own step length can be determined in the desired speed. The number of steps is counted, later compared. Then, the length of the respective run is divided by the number of counted steps. The result is the average step length, which indicates the average value.
How exactly does a pedometer measure?
The accuracy of a pedometer depends primarily on the device type. Very cheap models are rather inaccurate, measure z. Even if the movement does not take place, standing or sitting. On the other hand, devices with 3D technology are very accurate. These detect the movement only when it actually takes place and jump in as soon as the first step takes place.
Deviations are still possible. The reason for this can be the wrong positioning. A pacemaker is often attached to the pants or belt, providing an ideal way to measure the steps as the device is worn directly at the hip. Others can be worn on the upper arm, wrist or ankle, which makes the measurement less accurate. On the other hand, if it dangles from a tape or lies in a pocket, it can lead to a false count if the device does not have a 3D sensor. The pedometer is best placed where recommended by the manufacturer in the manual.
Also, the cause of erroneous measurement may be incorrect programming of the stride length. (See above.) To find out if the pedometer is measuring correctly, you can count how many steps are taken and how many are recorded the first time the application is run. If there are major deviations, the device should be positioned at a different point on the body.
Higher-quality devices measure the step length more precisely and individually. This can also be entered. Different applications and modes take into account that when walking or jogging a different movement and speed takes place.
Are pedometers suitable for all types of movement?
First and foremost, pacemakers, as the name implies, include the daily steps. The device is therefore only suitable for this type of movement, which takes place by walking or running. Movements by an exercise bike or a bicycle are not detected by a pacemaker.
Where do I wear my pedometer best?
The most favorable for the more accurate functioning of the mechanical pedometer is wearing on the belt or waistband, since there are hardly any other shocks caused by unforeseen movements. Pedometers, on the other hand, which work electronically and are equipped with 3D sensors, can be worn anywhere on the body, including backpacks or handbags. It makes sense to use a robust clip that holds the device securely, so that it is not lost.
How many steps are needed for a healthy exercise?
Determining how many steps are taken every day will bring a few surprises, because most people are not even aware of how little or how much they actually move.
A medical recommendation states that 10,000 steps per day promote good health and thus help you lose weight. But most of them do not take too many steps back and it does not do much to overtax the body too quickly. A slow increase in the number of steps is advisable. At 3,000 steps in addition, two kilometers are added, which need not be covered in one piece, but can also be managed over several sections.
How long does a pedometer run?
As a rule pedometer with battery run for several months and keep in power consumption over a year. Models that work with a rechargeable battery have a running time of a few days before the rechargeable battery needs to be recharged via a charger.
The mileage and the consumption of the battery naturally also depend on the scope of the functions. Some devices measure z. As well as the sleeping rhythm and therefore run around the clock, which brings a higher power consumption. Others have energy-saving mode or turn off automatically when the unit is not moved.
Most pedometer are very simple in design and ready to use, so need hardly any accessories. A battery or a battery is usually included in the scope of delivery. Is it not a pedometer? As a watch is worn on the wrist, a clip or tape for attachment to the belt or pants is necessary.
For devices that can be synchronized with the computer, laptop or smartphone, a suitable app must be downloaded. These are mostly free .