15 Best Crosstrainer Reviews 2019

Anyone who wants to keep fit, is well catered with a crosstrainer. Our editors and staff controlled various crosstrainer tests, studies and experiments on the Internet to a best list in terms of health , maximum weight, additional functions and other important points in a comparison table show.

In various elliptical machine tests, examinations, fitness tests and analyzes experts have elliptical machines through their paces the test compared et and . In a comparison table, reports on the tested devices have been listed in detail and also a comparative winner was chosen. The following is about the history and development of crosstrainer. We also tell you how they work. Furthermore, we have devoted ourselves to the question of what with an elliptical machine everything work out and what applications there in sports. Just do a personal crosstrainer test yourself!

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Pros and cons and the handling of a crosstrainer found according to an evaluation of various crosstrainer tests, juxtapositions and juxtapositions equally well. Therefore, external testers have also subjected this passage to precise inspection and intensive control. For such a crosstrainer to function properly, subjects have continued to turn to performance features .

In the following you will find additional information from tests on how the devices were tested by the manufacturer and test portals and according to which crosstrainer  test criteria was  evaluated. As a result, you'll learn which types of crosstrainers sell your business cheaply and what sets them apart. With these facts could be determined at the end of a comparison winner. More information can be found in comparisons, juxtapositions and crosstrainer tests on the Internet. In congruence and consideration with your needs, you will soon find your test winner in some tests after research!

For you we have summarized from numerous external crosstrainer tests, what you should consider when purchasing a Crosstrainer , so unpleasant surprises are ruled out from the outset. The last question that we answer for you in our report is the question of the benefits of buying a cross trainer on the Internet.

The history and development of crosstrainer

Crosstrainer with the test grade "Very good" as a test result, are the optimal development of elliptical trainers. For this reason, elliptical trainers have many similarities and similarities compared to elliptical trainers. The first crosstrainer was built in 1995 in America. The company Precor brought the prototype to the market. The device had a special technique called "CrossRamp". Therefore, originally comes the similarity in today's name. This technology is still used in many models of crosstrainer.

The ramp can be adjusted according to external crosstrainer tests in different positions. In angles of 13 to 40 degrees, it is possible to positively train and use almost all muscle groups . You can also adjust stride length and pedal height.

In 2004 the company Precor contributed to the further development of the crosstrainer. One employee was responsible for developing a more compact type of crosstrainer. Larry D. Miller, Precor employee, wanted to use this new crosstrainer to accurately simulate a person's running motion.

As an example, his daughter was jogging. So it came to a new kind of Crosstrainern, with which athletes extremelycould train in a way that was gentle on the joints . There are three basic types with which a training is possible. For example, the drive varieties are important.

The flywheel was in the back of the first crosstrainers . Newer crosstrainer already had a front wheel drive. Modern crosstrainers have a central drive. Crosstrainer of the older kind make a movement with only a small swing circlepossible.

If the crosstrainer has a front drive, stronger up and down movements are possible. Nevertheless, there are many differences in the devices. There are now models that combine different training options . The development of the crosstrainer is guaranteed to continue in the coming years.

How does a crosstrainer work?

In principle, any crosstrainer can train anyone who can walk. All muscle groups can be claimed with his help. In addition, the training also strengthens the cardiovascular system. Just test it  yourself!  Training with a crosstrainer is still responsible for a faster fat metabolism.

The crosstrainer is according to various tests thus the optimal device for an effective endurance training. Anyone working with a crosstrainer improves posture and tension. The overall health improves through training. Even for inexperienced people, a crosstrainer is ideal. Just test and compare it personally!

Who performs a mainly sedentary activity, has logically a weaker musculature than physically working people. With the help of the crosstrainer, this circumstance changes gently. You should get into training slowly. The workouts with the crosstrainer are always targeted to build and gradually increase.

Only after 30 minutes of training does the active fat burning in the body begin . Therefore, according to an external crosstrainer test initially a rather low wattage select. The wattage can then be increased individually. The pressure on the muscle groups in the arms and legs can also be adjusted accordingly. Test yourself with what wattage you can cope best.

Users usually simulate walking movements in tests. The functions of the test device make the muscles more stressful than during a normal walk. If you start training with the elliptical cross trainer, you should treat yourself to daily breaks. Consequently, body and muscles can adapt to the new operation.

If you have been training for a while, you may also work with the crosstrainer daily. Finally, if it comes to a regular workout, also increases the fat burning .

The effect is clear: As fat reduces, muscle mass builds up.

The goal of the workout should be an hour workout daily . To positively influence the fat loss, a calorie and health-conscious diet is ideal. It is also advisable to take enough liquid, preferably water, during exercise . The body loses a lot of fluid in this activity, by sweating.

What can be done with a crosstrainer?

All muscle groups can be trained with a crosstrainer. In a cross trainer, athletes can adjust the simulation to cross-country skiing, jogging and stepping functions . This is how the whole body can be trained. However, endurance and a better attitude are in the foreground. Just do the test yourself!

However, the main work of this device is carried out by the legs. The arms are supportive. Similarly, the  reverse is possible with a crosstrainer. In turn, you can claim other muscle groups that are otherwise ignored.

However, this type of training is harder and does not work so fast. This circumstance, however, allows again a greater stress on the arm muscles. Anyone who strains too much can feel a burning sensation or a numb feeling in the soles of their feet.

For the reasons mentioned, running backwards is only temporary .

Of course, the arms can be specially trained. This happens in traditional training by moving parallel to the sagittal plane. Modern devices offer even more opportunities to stress the muscles of the arms. For example, the movements here can also be performed somewhat inclined to the sagittal plane.

Strength and movement go according to tests so more from the center of the body . This is very similar to the natural movement of running. This is different with the conventional method. Here the way of the hand tends to shoulder. If the exerciser does not adjust the device exactly to its own strength, it can lead to overuse in different areas of the body.

Crosstrainer calorie consumption

The crosstrainer calorie consumption is quite high , as the crosstrainer offers a full body workout. As an endurance device, the fat burning is neatly boosted in a 30 minute workout. How many calories you burn exactly depends on your personal basal metabolic rate . The basal metabolic rate is the calorie consumption that you need alone without training while resting. Decisive for this are your gender, your age, your height and your weight . The whole is then multiplied by the PAL factor(physical activity level) of the activity, which stands for the intensity of the work. Sitting has a PAL factor of 1.2 while you are on theCrosstrainer can achieve a PAL factor of 2.4 or even more.

The crosstrainer calorie consumption is actually topped only by the treadmill and the trampoline . Since the body is carried along with the crosstrainer, while the body carries the entire weight when running (or treadmill) and the weight is even quadrupled by gravity in trampoline sports.

The decisive factor is, of course, with what intensity you train and for how long. Of course, if you only walk on a treadmill, you 'll burn far fewer calories there than if you 're doing a HIIT (High Intensity Interval Training) on the crosstrainer .

As a rule, the crosstrainer calorie consumption is displayed on the display by the crosstrainer . You will then have to enter your gender, age and weight. Despite the entries, the information is only an estimate.

American researchers from Iowa State University have in a study on fitness trackers (calorie counter clocks, which work similar to the display in crosstrainer), that the result is often displayed very inaccurate , too high or too low. However, they were not completely off the mark and so you can assume that the displayed calorie burning corresponds approximately to the actual calorie consumption. Just as "an egg" or "a banana" does not necessarily correspond to the caloric value from a calorie table, depending on its size.

After all this information, we now want to present you a (very inaccurate) list, so you get an idea about something:

Crosstrainer Calorie consumption Orientation values:

Crosstrainer low impact / low intensity: 225 kcal at 30 min

Crosstrainer middle Impact / medium intensity: 325 kcal at 30 min

Crosstrainer high impact / high intensity: 415 kcal at 30 min

What are the advantages / disadvantages of using a crosstrainer?

The crosstrainer offers numerous advantages. Training with a crosstrainer leads to a joint-sparing strain onthe body. You can train almost every muscle group  . In the long term, this leads to more muscle mass and more endurance with simultaneous fat loss.

With a crosstrainer, you can work out both at home and in a gym. Good crosstrainer for home use is available at a relatively low price. By working with the crosstrainer, athletes can both move and train legs and arms .

In a joint-gentle way, the whole body can train healthierin the long term . Anyone who is familiar with the crosstrainer can adjust it so that it can reach up to 700 calories . In addition, you may find yourself distracted by an analysis by other activities. At home, listening to music, watching TV, possibly even reading a newspaper or a book is conceivable.

There are no limits to the possibilities. It is always important to pay attention to an upright posture , because only then all muscle groups find optimal training.Anyone who decides to buy a cross trainer for the home can of course also save money. So you do not have to pay regular contributions for a gym.

One small drawback , however, is that if you are tired of exercising on a crosstrainer or are experiencing problems with your hips and knees, it's better to transfer to a bike trainer.

These points were noted in crosstrainer tests

In external crosstrainer tests, product tests and product tests were first the focused on delivery and packaging.After setting up the device, subjects threw a close look at the look, design, and texture.

A good crosstrainer convinces above all with data and facts. These areas underwent a rigorous investigation. If in addition, the comfort and the handling or the operation of the device was easy by hand, there were of course pluses in crosstrainer test run.

However, after thorough inspection, all these features do not guarantee a good test result in the evaluation of various product tests, examinations, practical tests and product tests. Therefore, numerous test persons in the control in the trial have also evaluated the result critically, but constructively . Also the cleaning and the care of the crosstrainer were regarded as further aspects in the crosstrainer test. The accessories, whether rich, little or not available, interested the external test persons during the test run as well. Let yourself be tested, which accessories you consider necessary after weighing!

Thereafter, subjects have turned to the manufacturers. This was done to control how the warranties and service of the different companies are organized. Finally, the testers summarized all the pros and consagain in a small summary . With that, the results could be better surveyed and a clear comparison winner could be maintained.

Crosstrainer Stiftung Warentest - Pollutants found in the grips

The Stiftung Warentest has not carried out a detailed crosstrainer test, but has always tested several exercise bikes together . In 2007 Stiftung Warentest tested crosstrainer and stepper and in 2013 crosstrainer and bicycle ergometer. As a training device, the crosstrainer generally always performs better than the bicycle ergometer and the stepper , because the body is fully trained and the training result is higher.

The crosstrainer Stiftung Warentest test winner in 2007 was the elliptical cross trainer Kettler Vito XS , which is no longer available. Perhaps this was due to the fact that despite the very good training performance of the cross trainer because of banned and harmful plasticizers devalued in the handles.

A recommendation was therefore pronounced for the crosstrainer Christopeit Sport CS5 , which performed well with the grade. This crosstrainer is still manufactured and is also in our comparison table of ExpertenTesten . In this crosstrainer no pollutants were found during the test .

In 2013, the Stiftung Warentest focus was mainly on the bicycle ergometers. Only two crosstrainer were tested, both of which did not perform well. Crosstrainer Christopeit Walker was selected because he is collapsible . Since this only works with screws and the folded crosstrainer can not stand independently, the testers found this very impractical . The Christopeit Walker also did not score points at Stiftung Warentest because the computer is below average and no heart rate is measured. He also works without resistance element. The Stiftung Warentest did not mention that the Christopeit Walker with his prize of paid 124 euros also costs significantly less and the customers may therefore not expect as much as with high-priced devices. The model is still available through Amazon.

The testers of the Crosstrainer Reebok i Trainer S , which makes a good home workout because of its high flywheel mass, liked better . But unfortunately again high pollutant concentrations in the form of plasticizers were found in the handles, which is why Stiftung Warentest did not want to make a real recommendation for this cross trainer. This crosstrainer is no longer available in stores.

Stiftung Warentest recommends that customers who have already bought a crosstrainer have phthalate softeners in their handles to wrap the handles with bright handlebar tape from the bicycle retailer .

Crosstrainer in the test on ZDF

The ZDF Morgenmagazin tested in January 2019 cross trainer for home use. In particular, the question was whether expensive devices really do more than cheap ones. Together with a physiotherapist, three devices were ordered and tested on the Internet:

  • a crosstrainer beginner model for 399 dollars,
  • a crosstrainer mid-size model for 699 dollars and
  • a crosstrainer premium class model for dollars euros.

In the entry-level model, the display and operation were good, but the whole device wobbled a bit. According to the crosstrainer experts it is so common in entry-level models that they are on the whole a little more unstable.

The middle-class model for about 700 euros not only had a more stable state, but it also "ran" so much better for the tester. As the physiotherapist explains, this is mainly due to the larger flywheel mass . He recommends buyers generally to pay attention to a large flywheel, because even if the first few steps would be a bit heavier, the crosstrainer would be much better during training.

The premium class model is an elliptical trainer . In an elliptical trainer, the knee joints are spared even more than the elliptical cross trainer, so it is particularly suitable for people who train very often and long.

In the test result , the price reflects the quality: the cheapest model liked the testers least, the medium price they liked medium and the most expensive liked them best.

To the video of the show you come here .

Which manufacturers make crosstrainer and what distinguishes it?

There are many manufacturers of elliptical machines. Representing all, we name the most common ones here: Christopeit , Reebok , Kettler , ultra Sport , Confidence , Klarfit , Asviva , Bremshey , Buffalo, Cardiostrong , Circle Fitness, Daum Electronic , Diadora , Ergo Fit , Fit For Fun , Hammer , Horizon Fitness , Johnson Health Tech , Life Fitness , Matrix Fitness , Octan Fitness and Smooth Fitness .

Like all manufacturers of electrical training equipment, these producers are always striving to optimize the crosstrainer. Therefore, a constant development and improvement of the devices is the highest goal of all companies. Even healthy training with the least stress on the body is important for the manufacturers.

This creates new functions that make training easier, improve and provide ideal training results . The manufacturers also always strive to balance the price-performance ratio . This means that their devices can also be used by a broad mass of customers.

What should you look for when buying a Crosstrainer?

First of all, the crosstrainer has to be adapted to individual needs . Thus, also permanent fun while exercising can be guaranteed. If you want to buy a crosstrainer cheap, first appears the tide of the models gigantic. Most companies have many different systems and devices.

The price range varies greatly. Some devices even have computers that offer even more options. It is important that the crosstrainer meets personal needs . Therefore, you should take some time before buying to compare all the models with each other systems.

Additional information may also be included in the decision to buy a cross trainer. Of great importance is the height adjustment of the handles.Ideally, they should be in the area of the elbows and shoulders. The arms are always to bend a little, because they need enough space to move.

It is also important that the device is firmly on the ground. The feet must not slip, otherwise there is a risk of injury . The optimum flywheel mass should also play a role in deciding on the right cross trainer. The higher the mass, the smoother the movement of the body during training.

Another important point is the pedals of the cross trainer. Ideally, they are adjustable and, moreover, non-slip. If the crosstrainer is also to be transported, it must not be too heavy . In the best case, the sports equipment even fits in the car. There are also crosstrainer with rollers that facilitate transport possible.

If you do not want to watch TV during training, you can rely on a cross trainer with integrated training programs . Here, motivation and exciting change in the purchase price.

The own body weight is to be adapted to the crosstrainer. If the body weight is high, the purchase of a solid and robust device is advisable. This must be able to support the body weight of the exerciser. So that surprises are excluded, the point is the maximum user weight to be considered.

If your desired crosstrainer is of high quality , you have made the perfect choice. The components that are often in use usually wear off quickly. These include handles or pads. If you want to exercise often, you should buy a crosstrainer, which is actually geared towards a permanent workout .

Even small parts, such as hinges and screws, should be of good quality and well-made. The size of the cross trainer is also important. If a crosstrainer is too big, it also affects the physical effort . Overall, this leads to faster fatigue.

The integrated computer screen should be easy to recognize and read. It is important that all stored data on demand be legible . An ergometer function is also available on the crosstrainer in the best case.

If you want to buy a good elliptical machine, the flywheel mass should be more than 20 kilograms . The maximum weight load must always be kept in mind so that the device can provide optimal service. The mechanical connections should be covered with protection due to the risk of injury.

Pedals and treads are best placed so high that they prevent slipping during the movement process . It should also be mentioned that a crosstrainer should only have the functions that are really necessary. Functions that athletes can not or do not want make no sense. They may even impede a positive training process and success.

Once training starts, you should feel safe and comfortable on the device . Otherwise, the model is optimally adapted to your personal needs. The necessary safety should be an important part of the purchase of a cross trainer. Many coaches have certificates on a proven safety point.

What positive aspects does one of the cross trainer purchase on the internet?

There are many positive aspects to buying a cross trainer on the internet . On the Internet, you can use multiple devicesCheck suitability, features, functionsetc., as is the case in a conventional shop. Furthermore, you do not have any complicated ways take . From the home computer you can check which crosstrainer is the right one.

Anyone who chooses and wants to buy such a device on the internet gets the crosstrainer delivered home . Here, too, eliminates unnecessary ways, which leads to a time and cost savings . Likewise, the logistical problem of transport is eliminated.

The cross trainer on the Internet are often cheaper than equivalent devices in normal stores. Maybe you are directly interested in the external comparison winner? In addition, athletes from many manufacturers can expect better service or warranty . Many services are available on the Internet, which the customer can easily make use of.

Some dealers even offer a free warranty extension , which can often be useful. The actual purchase is easy to do. Only a few clicks are needed until you finally can call your desired device your own. The payment process is just as simple as it can be done quickly . Advantage: You do not have to carry large amounts of cash with you. Just do the test, compare offers and test winners and one or the other model with each other.

The story of the cross trainer

The history of the cross trainer dates back to the beginning of the 21st century. At that time, sports scientists first developed a sports equipment that could be used to effectively train all major muscle parts of the body . The first mass-produced model had a flywheel, which was located in the rear of the crosstrainer. The flywheel itself responded to the movements of the treads. The exerciser moved automatically up and down. Even the pedal resistance could be adjusted individually with these first crosstrainers , so that the devices soon enjoyed great popularity.

It was not long before the elliptical trainers conquered the gyms and gradually became one of the most popular exercise machines. This status has not changed until today. This may be due to the fact that even physically impaired and untrained people can sustainably improve their fitness with the help of a cross trainer.

The first crosstrainer, however, differed in a key point from modern equipment: the movement was vertical . Today, the arm and leg guide runs on the elliptical crosstrainers. In addition, there was a displacement of the flywheel in the front part of the device. Thus, a longer and joint gentle sequence of steps is possible. Even backward movements pose no problem with a modern crosstrainer. According to a survey, the training is thus  more variable than in earlier models.

Current trends in crosstrainers

Crosstrainer have been part of gyms and the everyday training of many people for years. Nevertheless, there are always new trends that provide variety. They offer opportunities to vary the training and to get used to the own level of performance as well as the movement process even better. With personal tests in gyms you can compare the test winners on site.

The latest-generation crosstrainer has sophisticated computer technology that is far more capable than heart rate alone. The calorie consumption, the wattage and of course the training time can be displayed exactly. Many models are also equipped with various programs . These allow both beginners and advanced alike to adapt the training to their own constitution and the respective training goal . Depending on the selected program, for example, the tread resistance is varied at specific time intervals. Thus, lighter phases resolve with difficult ones.

All those who want to melt excess pounds, so get their money's worth with a crosstrainer as well as people who primarily train their cardiovascular system. The crosstrainer is still on to warm up before jogging or other sports activities. Basically, however, that the crosstrainer should only have the functions that are actually used in everyday training. According to a survey in the context of a suitability test of Crosstrainern, make many programs and functions, the usability. Do yourself the test of how many programs are beneficial for you!

User-friendliness is a deciding factor in the success of the training: if you have to struggle through various functions before training, you may not even get the motivation you need . And just this is so important for a regular, athletic activity. Less is often more in this case . Not every state-of-the-art crosstrainer, equipped with innumerable functions, is suitable for your own needs.

Train efficiently in five steps

1. Before the start: warm-up exercises

Before training on the crosstrainer it is recommended to do a warm-up . In this way, the body can already bring to the right training temperature and slightly increase the pulse. Warm up is also very important for ligaments, tendons and joints: this phase prepares you optimally for the following training session. As a result, the risk of muscle pain and typical sports injuries such as torn muscle fibers and strains can be reduced. Before you step on the elliptical machine, hop on or hop on the spot for two to three minutes. Then do some swinging exercises with arms and legs to warm up.

Especially beginners should start with a low training intensity and gradually increase it over the course of several weeks. This allows muscles, ligaments, tendons and joints to slowly get used to the strain. At the same time, you gradually gain in fitness and fitness. So choose a program with low pedal resistance and start at a moderate pace . Also pay attention to your pulse: This should be between 110 and 140 beats per minute depending on age, weight and physical condition.

3. Increase the intensity

After a warm-up period of five to ten minutes, you can slowly increase your workout intensity. Again, always adjust your tempo and pedaling resistance to your own constitution to avoid overloading. Particularly effective is the so-called interval training : Here, intensive training phases alternate with moderate ones. For example, ten minutes of high pedaling will be followed by ten minutes of slowing down. Modern elliptical trainers have pre-set programs for interval training that you only need to select and start. The tread resistance then adapts itself to your exercises at regular intervals.

4. Change the direction

Many users of a crosstrainer complain about circulatory problems in the toes or the entire feet after a longer training period. You can avoid this by changing the direction of travel once or twice during the sport . This requirement is easily possible with crosstrainer of newer generations. In this way, you can make your training varied and at the same time ensure that your feet are always well supplied with blood .

5. After training: Do not forget stretching and loosening exercises

Intensive stretching exercises should be as natural after exercise as they are before training on the crosstrainer. The muscles return to their original position. The risk of tension and soreness can be significantly reduced. Especially important is the stretching of the front thigh muscles to . To do this, stand upright and hold onto a wall or chair with one hand, if possible. Then cover the instep of your left foot with your left hand. Pull it slowly and carefully toward the buttocks. Slightly push your hips forward. To stretch the hamstringsLie with your back on the floor. Afterwards, hold one leg with both hands, approximately at the level of the knees. The leg is now stretched and pulled to the upper body. The foot stays relaxed.

What is the optimal heart rate when training with the crosstrainer?

Elliptical trainers also show the heart rate / heart rate on the display. Which heart rate is optimally personal for crosstraining is individually different and depends on the factors of gender, age and fitness status . Furthermore it is to be distinguished, whether one for

  • fat burning
  •  Cardio (cardiovascular)
  •  or fitness increase through HIIT (Interval Training)

Trained with the crosstrainer

Although every person is different, most people have a resting heart rate between 60 and 80 . The maximum pulse, in turn, is about 220 years old . So that means that a 20-year-old has a maximum heart rate of about 200 and a 40-year-old about 180 . The maximum heart rate range is interesting for cardio training and fitness enhancement.

High Intense Interval Training (HIIT ), the pulse is for short periods of time, so that you can, for example, give the crosstrainer a full throttle for one minute. You notice that you are in your maximum heart rate when you feel a noticeable effort, breathing is heavy, and speaking is difficult. A single minute seems a very long.

Those who do such training more often can train their fitness and resilience. But beware: such intense training can weaken the immune system . Beginners should avoid the maximum heart rate range.

When cardio , so an intense cardiovascular workout pulse on the elliptical machine in young fit people at about should 140-160 lie. They get a good sweat and feel the training as exhausting. You can still speak, but no more relaxed conversation.

When burning fat , it is important that you exercise for more than 30 minutes on the elliptical machine, because only then does the body of its fat reserves. To keep this duration well, the pulse must not be driven too high. Choose a resistance that is pleasant. In athletic people, the pulse is then in the range of 120-130 . A conversation should be possible.

These are only general information. If you want to know your personal ideal training pulse, you should have it determined by a sports physician . Some gyms also offer personal diagnostics.

Care and cleaning of the crosstrainer

Lubricate the joints

A crosstrainer with device resistance, which is used several times a week or even daily, requires careful care. As a result, the life of the device can be increased. Lubricate the joint parts regularly so they do not rust. According to the portal experts-berate.de , the manufacturers generally indicate in the instructions for use which fat (for example, graphite or silicone grease) is particularly well suited for the respective device.

All joints of components that are bolted together need regular lubrication. Accordingly, it does not come to disturbing noises during training. Even premature wear can be effectively prevented in this way.

Pay attention to the service indicator

Many modern crosstrainer have a special feature, the so-called service indicator . As soon as it lights up or flashes on the display of the device, all screw connections must be checked and, if necessary, tightened. Important: Disconnect the crosstrainer from the mains first! Once you have ensured that all screws are secure, you can disable the service indicator.

Remove sweat and dirt

Quite clear: During training on the crosstrainer athletes get into a sweat. Not infrequently, it even happens that sweat drips on the device. For this reason, you should use a soft cloth to dry your elliptical cross trainer after each training session. Thus you spare the metal parts.

However, do not use strong detergents and if necessary use a damp cloth to rid the crosstrainer of sweat and dust. In addition, you should vacuum the engine tray of the crosstrainer at least once a month . Fluff and dust often accumulate here.

Clean crosstrainer handles

Of course, the handles are very important in the cleaning. If you kept them clasped for 30 minutes and got a good sweat, you would of course want to clean the crosstrainer handles after training. But on the handles are also the pulse sensors for the pulse display. According to Pulsuhr.org you should immerse the cloth in hot water to clean the heart rate monitor sensors . However, detergents are not recommended.

Clean crosstrainer display

When cleaning the display you should also refrain from cleaning agents such as dishwashing liquid or glass cleaner. A dry microfibre cloth should be enough to remove dust from the monitor. It is also possible with a damp cloth and if you want, you can put some vinegar in the water. Scratching sponges or the like are of course taboo.

The annual inspection

If a crosstrainer has shortcomings that are not obvious at first glance, this poses a high risk. For example, components could come loose during training. Heavy accidents would be the result. For this reason it is recommended to have the cross trainer checked by an expert once a year . In this way, problems can be detected early and the device works flawlessly for many years. In addition, to ensure that your right to warranty does not expire, you should have the inspections carefully documented.

Innovations in crosstrainers

Basically, the crosstrainer is the real innovation among fitness equipment. Here is a further development of elliptical trainers. The first crosstrainer was created in 1995 in America . Since then, innovations regarding technical refinements have been added. So the latest products, not only the pulse and heart rate display. You can also adjust and adjust different run intensities, programs and other options. If there are innovations, then they refer to the technical area.

Meanwhile, the first elliptical trainers can also be controlled via smartphone and app, so that training successes and progress can be recorded medially.

Practical, however, belonging to the older innovations , the feature is to use the crosstrainer in reverse. This way you can train even more and other muscle groups . This is where a new standard in the area of difficulty sets in. Instead of fixing on tempo , it is suitable, especially for beginners, to perform the exercise slowly and intensively. It takes a lot of strength and energy backwards to get the crosstrainer going and rhythmic running . Also, the balance of leg difficulty, increased insertion and training of the arm musclesis necessary. Likewise, the soles of the feet can be claimed differently when reversing . If you feel a tingling sensation or even numbness in your soles after too long training , you can quickly remedy this. Just run a round backwards .

Medical facts about using a crosstrainer

Even crosstrainer can be misused. This is always pointed out by doctors . But with a little practice, posture and movement can be properly coordinated. Accordingly, there are no medically worth mentioning disadvantages for the trainee.

Especially important and central in training with the crosstrainer is the rolling motion of the foot. In the meantime, most crosstrainers are basically designed in such a way that not only does a harmonious distribution of the weight on the feet take place. Also our typical rolling behavior while walking and walking can be integrated into the movement process. Completely automatically.

This has not always been the case. In previous crosstrainers , from a medical point of view, a recommendation has always been made to perform active foot roll motion at each crosstrainer step . This active rolling motion is eliminated in modern products. This is very important and appeals to medical professionals. Running and stepping on the crosstrainer are very easy on the joints today. An additional, active rolling of the feet uncovers the joint-sparing effect and reverses it: feet and joints can not be replaced by an active rolling on the crosstraineran additional, unnecessary burden. That's not good for the joints. This is also the medicine.

The crosstrainer is a generally well-tolerated and healthy fitness machine. This can be clearly seen in how often frequency with which crosstrainers are used in the field of physiotherapy and rehab treatments . The fact that elliptical machines are designed and constructed to train the whole body and its muscles is one of the reasons for the medical use of these fitness equipment.

It is also important to pay attention to the pulse during cross training on the fitness equipment . Train only in the optimal area. Because then your organism can focus exclusively on what you want: fat loss, muscle growth, fitness and condition.

It is the HFmax that tells us our optimal pulse . With this value , our heart beats per minute can be measured at full capacity. From person to person the value is different. The HRmax depends , among other things, on how well trained a person is and how efficient the heart is in general. As a guideline value , the HRmax in men is measured as follows: 220 minus age. For a man of 30 years, the HFmaxthus at 190. For women the value is divided somewhat differently: 226 minus age. In a woman of the same age (30 years) the optimal heart rate is therefore 196. Most crosstrainer measures heart rate and heart rate, so that an effective training in the optimal range is possible. Reaching athletes between 70% and 80%, they train in the aerobic area of the fitness zone. Here, especially the endurance ability is addressed. In the maximum range between 90% and 100% of the HFmax the maximum power  as well as the speed are to be improved. Competitors train primarily in this area.Those who only achieve a light workout, with a 60% to 70% HFmax, go for fat burning and train their basic stamina . Very light training is beneficial to overall health .

The following are brief instructions from a medical point of view for the correct use of the devices . First it should be mentioned that athletes should not exaggerate at the beginning of the training. For beginners , a maximum workout duration of 25 to 30 minutes is recommended . Then the muscles are warm and effectively trained. Anyone who leans too hard and spends up to an hour on a crosstrainer can expect muscle soreness and hyperacidity of the muscles. But also the personal fitness level always decides . But even if you are from the summer forestIn the winter, to theCross Trainer switch, you should not forget that there are other (and more) muscle groups are that when training with the cross trainer find request.

Even if stamina allows for 60 minutes or more training on the elliptical machine, those who switch to the fitness equipment should not overstrain their muscles.

The nuts and bolts of the right posture

When training on the crosstrainer, it's all about the right posture of the back. Fitness training should be performed in a straight, upright position. Those who tend to fall into a hollow or rounded back must pay particular attention to their posture during training. Crosstrainer are constructed so that the feet are in constant contact with the pedal platforms.

Who, as mentioned above, additionally reinforced the rolling motion, unnecessarily burdened the toes, foot pads, joints and ligaments.

Move properly on the crosstrainer

No matter how good a crosstrainer is and if the item you have bought is one or not the comparison , the correct movement is indeed the be-all and end-all for those who do not want to suffer any postural damage. The correct movement can be predetermined when exercising on the crosstrainer. Nevertheless, there are some things to watch out for.

Especially central, and even with the first steps on a crosstrainer still difficult, is the even and fluid moving of the legs. To create a melodic rhythm, it is important to take the arms. But the effort must not shift from the legs to the arms. Much more important is an even load and effort of arms and legs. The insertion and use of the arms to get on the crosstrainer in momentum, however, is a common beginners and beginners error.

Before false fads creep in, it is important to watch yourself exercising with particular vigilance. Make sure that the fluid movement of the treadmills is actually achieved by the power of the legs and not controlled by the arms.

The muscle groups: demand and support of our body during cross training

Our body and our muscles can be exercised particularly gently and effectively with the crosstrainer. Above all, the numerous muscles that the crosstrainer responds to are crucial for effective training success. But with special exercises even one or the other muscle can be trained more. How, we learn in the area about 'Special exercises on crosstrainer'. However, it is always the specific movements that are responsible for training specific muscles and muscle groups.

The crosstrainer first trains the whole body. Especially the elliptical movement has a gentle effect on the joints . This is another benefit and reason why the crosstrainer is so often regarded as home fitness equipment .

Especially the muscle groups around the arms, legs and torso can be sustained training and appeal. These are also exactly those muscle groups that are frequently used in everyday life. Who strengthens these muscle groups , also jumps steadier and easier through everyday life. Especially great is that by exercising on the crosstrainer, the impact load for the mentioned joints in the muscle groups can be reduced.

This makes exercising with the fitness machinean effective success even if athletes have joint and especially knee problems . Here, however, it must be ensured that the flywheel is shifted primarily to the front part. Where the vertex of the flywheel is varies from device to device. It is important to look for when buying. Because the flywheel is in the front part of the crosstrainer,simulate fast walking or walking. If the center of gravity is on the back, you are more likely to feel and strain the joints and muscles differently. Especially valuable are of course crosstrainer, where the center of gravitycan be adjusted. Thus both training options arepossible.

Depending on your position on the device, you can also train other muscles in addition to the three main muscle groups (trunk, legs, arms) . Here it is important to set so-called muscle build-up with the flywheel .

If the elliptical machine 'normal', ie used without resistance and incline, as a replacement for walking and jogging, so the training is aimed more on the structure of the physical condition and endurance. This affects the heart muscle. This feels particularly addressed and finds a special strengthening. It does not grow by weight training, but by persevering load. If you want to train your heart muscle , it is advisable to choose a gentle program to increase your stamina and / or burn fat three times a week .

If you want to work on the muscles of your thighs, you lose weight while running. For this, it is necessary to take a squat position and thus to carry out the training session. It is advisable to keep tension in this position. The feet are firmly connected to the pedal platforms . Belly and butt are also tense. The hull also experiences an additional burden and challenge. The trunk musculature receives an additional strengthening and finds inspiration for the structure. Selecting Interval, Resistance and Increases will produce similar effects.

But not only the big muscle groups can be trained with the crosstrainer. You can also promote the fine coordination muscles with the right exercises. If z. If, for example, the crosstrainer is used without the help of the arms, the fine coordination muscles in the leg and trunk can be defined. So that the exercise is also effective, does not end in a fall and thus in an injury, you can at first only loosen the grip on the hand hold. With more security, the handle is then completely solved. The leg muscles have to balance the missing support and the muscles are addressed for balance.

Exercises on the crosstrainer

Those who train with the elliptical machine train their body and muscles extensively. But here too: monotony is to be avoided. Variation in incline, resistance and pace are just as effective as putting different exercises into the training plan with the crosstrainer. By the way, interval training units are particularly effective , which you can select as standard in any modern crosstrainer computer . Also, the reverse rotation provides a good change, because here the focus shifted to the leg muscles. In addition, with the option, the upper thigh muscles can be exercised more intensively.

Tight butt with the crosstrainer

The musculus gluteus maximus can be particularly entitled if the elliptical machine is used in a bent knee posture. Tense stomach and butt. Under this tension you should use the crosstrainer up to half an hour. That gives a particularly crisp apple popo. For women as well as for men.

Tight thighs with the crosstrainer

The legs can be particularly stressed when training on the crosstrainer fitness device. By mimicking the running motion, the leg muscles are actively loaded due to the flywheel mass. For an effective thigh training, it is important to regularly switch between backward and forward running. During the forward movement , you primarily strain the vastus lateralis muscle , ie the anterior thigh muscle. In the backward movement of the will musculus quadriceps training.

This sits in the lower, front thigh. In addition, promote and demand in addition the general coordination of movement .

Taut stomach with the crosstrainer

Use the crosstrainer correctly. Take a good stance and grab hold of the handrails. By this measure, also belly and back can train with. Here it is particularly important that the movements are carried out in an upright position, with straightened back muscles . You must not bend forward. Also, you must not stretch the butt too far back. This not only falsifies the training result, but can also have negative effects on posture and muscle building . Postural damage is often the result here.

Weights increase resistance and training success

If you are looking for a special challenge, you will not only do simple training sessions on the crosstrainer. Weight cuffs for foot and wrist joints provide variety. The increased weight builds up more resistance and our body muscle groups get more effort.

The endurance fitness machine is becoming a strength trainer, which can easily build muscle mass.

The perfect training plan for beginners

To complete the exercises, now comes the presentation of a clear, optional training plan on the crosstrainer. This aims at endurance as well as muscle building and weight loss. Because the crosstrainer is not only an all-rounder when training numerous muscle groups.

Each workout starts with a relaxed warm-up. The crosstrainer recommends a warm-up phase of 5 to 10 minutes. The warm-up itself is all about preparing the body slowly and gently for the upcoming effort . With low intensity, it warms up the best.

After the first few minutes of warm-up , it is now time to aim for a moderate increase in performance. The resistance increases as well as the speed. This is and should also be an increase in the heart rate observable. It is important that work is done with arms and legs. These include the hands of the crosstrainer armrests. The second phase can last between 5 and 10 minutes.

This is followed by the intensive phase. Here it is necessary to challenge the body, organism and muscles to the highest level of performance. For starters, it will be enough if the intensive phase lasts only 5 minutes. The heart rate continues to rise. Very important is the breathing. The body needs more oxygen. Again, it is crucial to increase again the resistance and potentially also the slope. Now it's time to pedal with full energy, momentum and speed.

After five successful, intense minutes, the body is allowed to relax a bit. Moderate phasing out is announced. Often it is advisable to jump back to the same setting that was already in the second phase. It is recommended to translate the effort and stress from the intensity into a moderate strain. Again, you can start 5 to 10 minutes. It is important that in this phase, the heart rate increases again. So do not be scared. It is a normal body's compensatory power to respond to previous performance and challenge.

Now you get down to heart rate. The resistance and the speed are almost completely eliminated. The goal now is to reach the starting level . The end of the training session is in sight.

Try to design the training so that Warm Up and Cool Down coincide in time. The same applies to the moderate phases of increase and relaxation.

Now it just means, try it and get started. By the way, many elliptical trainers also offer practical training programs . They can be z. T. even individually by means of time, resistance, slope and speed set.

Just click through the programs in the menu of the crosstrainer and select the appropriate training program for getting started.

The best manufacturers

There are no perfect manufacturers offering outstanding crosstrainer or elliptical trainers; only those who have become more established in the market than others. Nevertheless, crystallize, in terms of

  • Material processing,
  • Range of settings,
  • programs,
  • Records such as heart rate, heart rate, etc.

as well as the price / performance ratio, some suppliers and manufacturers who have managed to dominate the market: these include Hammer, Christopeit and Kettler and Co.

  • hammer
  • Christopeit
  • Kettler and Co.

 

Hammer relies on its crosstrainers on high-quality workmanship. This distinguishes the manufacturer of fitness equipment. In addition, most crosstrainer offer numerous functions, programs and workouts, which makes the training on the Hammer Crosstrainer not only varied, but also interesting. Those who train with Hammer fitness equipment can set up a comprehensive training plan with their crosstrainer alone, which trains the entire body. If the device is still in its own four walls, the individual, daily training sessions can be optimally integrated into the individual daily routine and rhythmintegrate. This promises even greater training success. In addition, most Hammer Crosstrainer arealso equipped with a display . In addition to the individual interval levels, the device simultaneously displays the heart rate, calories burned, distance traveled and heart rate.

Often, athletes find the Hammer Crosstrainer in gyms. This is certainly one of the reasons why the manufacturer's devices - compared to other producers - are relatively high in price. Nevertheless, they cut comparatively frequently as crosstrainer  test winner . Among the top 10 are always crosstrainer Hammer brand.

Useful accessories

Of course, you can train with your crosstrainer without any accessories. However, there are many useful gadgets on the market today that make training easier. Thus, it is possible for you to review and document your progress. For example, external winners have a handy smartphone and tablet holder. This goodie is designed for those who want to stay mobile in addition to the sport.

  • The heart rate monitor
  • Underlay
  • Drinking bottle and bottle holder
  • Training weights for wrists and ankles
  •  Fitness bracelet

Modern crosstrainer usually have a built-in heart rate monitor , which hides in the armrests of the device. As soon as both hands rest on the rods, the automatic measurement starts. The result is then displayed on the crosstrainer's display.

However, many sports fans prefer separate heart rate monitors, which can be attached either to the wrist or with the help of a belt on the chest. These variants are far more accurate than the integrated heart rate monitor. They also offer the benefit of being able to measure your heart rate even when you take your hands off the handrails or change their position. Even after training, you can check how fast your heartbeat reaches a normal level again - also an important criterion for your condition!

When buying a heart rate monitor, make sure you have a simple and user-friendly menu . Furthermore, the display should be of sufficient size and easy to read . In order to receive immediate notification when your pulse leaves the optimal training range, we recommend a device that emits an audible warning tone . The optimal training range can be calculated automatically before the

•           Underlay

first training by entering parameters such as age, body weight and height.

High-quality elliptical trainers or elliptical trainers of the latest generation are usually very quiet in operation. Therefore no disturbing noises develop during the training. If the device is placed directly on parquet or laminate flooring, unwanted vibrations may occur. To avoid this, it is worth buying a mat for sports equipment. They not only absorb vibrations but at the same time protect the floor from scratches and damage.

Drinking bottle and bottle holder

Before, during and after training, you should provide your body with as much fluid as possible. This is necessary to balance the water balance and minimize the risk of circulatory problems. If your crosstrainer is not already equipped with a water bottle holder and a matching water bottle, you can purchase these accessories for little money in the sports shop. In this way, you have your drink at hand at all times - annoying interruptions of training are thus a thing of the past. For example, fill your water bottle with mineral water that contains a portion of fruit juice to provide your body with sufficient energy. This will give your digestive tract no burden.Ideally, drink half a liter to one liter of fluid per hour of training.

Training weights for wrists and ankles

Those who are already well advanced with their training may be looking for a new challenge and a way to intensify their training . This can be achieved particularly easily by the use of training weights. They come in the form of cuffs for the wrists and ankles as well as in different weight classes. With your help, you can increase your stamina, strengthen your heart and build muscle along the way. Nevertheless, you should initially resort to small exercise weights , as this additional burden is unusual for the body. As with sports, here too applies: start carefully and increase the load in small steps!

Fitness bracelet

Fitness bracelets are very trendy. In particular, passionate athletes barely walk out of the house without a colorful ribbon on their wrists. These are all-round talents who not only measure the pulse, but also count the steps, measure the kilometers traveled and show the calories burned. The bracelet has a small sensor that registers every movement and records the measured values. All data can then be retrieved using a smartphone or a computer.Above all, the fitness bracelets serve a purpose: they motivate you to move more extensively in everyday life. Of course, not only intensive training on the crosstrainer meant, but also extended walks and the refusal to resort to escalators and elevators.

FAQ about cross trainer

Which product is generally considered a cross trainer test winner?

The crosstrainer (also elliptical trainer) is a sports equipment that increases endurance. The crosstrainer Maxxus CX 6.1 is the winner of various external test reports on the Internet. The device determines the total distance, speed, pulse and many other components.

Which is the best cross trainer?

The best crosstrainer is, according to various reviews on the Internet, the crosstrainer Maxxus CX 6. This device convinces thanks to weight, braking system, training computer and an unbeatable price-performance ratio and is therefore an online comparison winner .

Crosstrainer review - what are the essential points?

The crosstrainer or elliptical is a sports equipment that improves endurance. An external test winner is the crosstrainer Maxxus CX 6.1, which received top marks in numerous tests on the Internet. The device offers a training computer, a motorized magnetic brake system and offers a maximum load of 160 kg.

Which body parts can be trained while using a crosstrainer?

Crosstrainer are ideal for joint-sparing endurance training. The gentle movement makes it possible for beginners and people with physical impairments - for example, knee problems - to use the crosstrainer for regular, sporting activities. In the course of this, all the major muscle groups in the trunk, legs and arms can be trained. The movement is similar to jogging - but without the immense strain on the joints at every step.

What is the right posture when training on the crosstrainer?

In order for the training on the crosstrainer to be effective and to have no negative consequences on the musculoskeletal system, it is essential to ensure correct posture . The following applies: The feet always have full contact with the treads. They are never to be lifted, otherwise the training effect will be missing. Furthermore, the legs should be slightly bent. Because: If the knees are stretched out during training, this quickly leads to overuse. The posture of the upper body is to lead upright with a straight back . Anyone who stands permanently with a rounded back, a hollow back or a backwards stretched butt on the crosstrainer risks back pain. Last but not least during sports, make sure your hips are as straight as possiblestay, without knocking right and left. The hands loosely grip the handles of the cross trainer. The arms should be slightly bent.

How often should I train on the elliptical machine?

Training intensity and training frequency can be individually designed on the crosstrainer. Anyone who suffers from being overweight and / or starts a new training should take it a bit slower. This means following a rest day after each training day . Half an hour of training per unit is a good starting point. This is to be increased week by week - by extending the duration of training as well as by increasing the training intensity. For example, by increasing the pedaling resistance of the crosstrainer.

At what value should my heart rate increase during exercise?

Those who want to train effectively and burn as many calories as possible should follow a training pulse of around 50 to 70 percent of the maximum heart rate . The individual heart rate values can be determined by a sports physician or alternatively by trained specialist personnel in many fitness studios. In addition, this rule of thumb is commonly used: 220 minus age . The result (for example, at a age of 40 years: 180) indicates the maximum heart rate. This value can then be used to determine different training areas: A training pulse of 70 percent of the maximum heart rate should therefore be 126 beats per minute in the example mentioned.


Alternatives to the crosstrainer

  • The elliptical trainer

The elliptical trainer is closely related to the crosstrainer. Both devices are similarly designed and can be used primarily to improve endurance. The key difference lies in the movement: While the movement on the crosstrainer resembles jogging, the up and down movement of the elliptical trainer is considerably lower. The steps are flat and long, so the movement is more like walking. In addition, the flywheel is located at the back of the elliptical trainer, while the elliptical trainer is mounted at the front. The latter also has an additional joint in the pedal unit, which should further reduce the strain on the spine and joints. Since elliptical trainers are more complex in design and manufacture, they are usually more expensive to purchase than classic crosstrainer.

The ergometer

In an ergometer is a permissible exercise bike that looks similar to an ordinary bicycle, but is firmly mounted. With its help, an effective training of the thigh muscles is possible. In addition, the devices are very gentle on the joints. Especially those who are prone to knee problems make the right choice with the ergometer. A special variant of the ergometer is the so-called recumbent ergometer , in which the back, while exercising, rests on a backrest. This special form is extremely gentle on the spine and is therefore very well suited for athletes who are prone to back problems

The treadmill

The treadmill makes it possible to jog or walk whatever the weather or time of day. Speed and angle of inclination can be adapted to individual needs. The movements on the treadmill can also be dampened slightly, so that the load on the knee and ankle joints is not quite as high as on hard asphalt. A treadmill is ideal for losing weight, because up to 600 calories are burned per hour depending on the training intensity . However, treadmills in operation are quite loud. Nevertheless, the workout, compared to training with a crosstrainer, quickly boring.

Questions and answers about elliptical trainers

Where do I dispose of a crosstrainer?

The topic of fitness and sport has meanwhile achieved a very high ranking in comparison. Many athletes have set up their own small fitness center at home.

When it comes to the permissible disposal of training equipment, such as a crosstrainer , many are faced with an almost impossible task. Probably the easiest way to dispose of a crosstrainer is via a landfill.

What should I look for when buying a crosstrainer?

The range of exercise equipment for the home is very diverse. If you want to buy a cross trainer on Amazon & Co. , you should pay attention primarily to a clean processing and high quality of each device. Reviews will help you in every way.

A good and reliable cross trainer should also have some features and features to offer.

Where can I test a crosstrainer?

Before you buy a cross trainer on online mail order companies such as Amazon, you should test the model by all means and compare it with other models. A good way to carry out such a test , the Internet offers with its numerous reviews and recommendations .

In addition, a visit to a specialty store is also worthwhile. Here you can inform yourself personally about the respective crosstrainer , test devices in detail and compare.

Which oil should I use for crosstrainer care?

In a cross trainer , it can happen again and again that the model squeaks and thus creates a noise annoyance. For exercise bikes, such as a crosstrainer , there are special lubricants, which often go without silicone or fat.

These lubricants are usually supplied by companies in the form of a spray. They are available in different online shops or in specialized shops at reasonable prices.

What is the optimal heart rate when training with the crosstrainer?

For a good and successful training is not only a training device with the best test grade necessary. The heart rate also plays an important role in a successful training session .

Generally, the rule of thumb is that the optimal heart rate for men is "220 - age" and for women "226 - age". However, this is only a rough indication.

What is the optimal cadence when training with the crosstrainer?

The cadence of a crosstrainer Cardiostrong provides information about the crank revolutions per minute.

Depending on their state of health, experts recommend a different cadence in congruence with their own needs . A look at the owner's manual may also be helpful in terms of optimal cadence.

Which muscle groups do I train with a crosstrainer?

With a crosstrainer you can specifically carry out a whole body workout and a muscle building. This training device is a veritable all-rounder and is very popular with sports fans and fitness enthusiasts. Here everyone can individually regulate the crosstrainer in accordance with the personal fitness state of the body.

Whether legs, arms or the abdomen: With a crosstrainer , you quickly and easily get to a trained body.

Which crosstrainer is suitable for the home?

If you are looking for a crosstrainer with an outstanding test score for the home, you have the purchase of choice so to speak.

Recommended for home use are actually all models. However, only consider the dimension of the training device.

Which shoes should I use on the crosstrainer?

For a total body workout on a crosstrainer , of course, the appropriate sports clothing may not be missing.

Sport shoes are probably the most important clothing. Here experts and experienced athletes recommend good and comfortable sports shoes from well-known brand manufacturers such as Nike, Adidas or Puma.

Which is the best cross trainer?

Independent experts and experienced athletes carry out detailed tests with the individual models and try to determine a test winner.

Since the wishes and requirements of a crosstrainer Cardiostrong are very different, the best crosstrainer is actually very difficult to determine. Pay attention to high-quality workmanship and various functions in the purchase.

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Hello, reader. I'm very pleased that you decided to visit my blog. I am John Michale and I am a professional blogger. I create this website, this blog for people like you. This site was created with a great desire to share great knowledge in the field of treadmill training, your overall fitness, health, product tests, consumer empowerment, and treadmill Consumers. However, let's start from the beginning. I invite everyone to regularly follow my health and products reviews blog.

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